Full and Partial Dentures
Dentures are removable prosthetic devices constructed to replace missing teeth, and are supported by surrounding soft and hard tissues of the oral cavity. A full denture, also called a complete denture, replaces all of the natural teeth and provides support for cheeks and lips. By replacing missing teeth, dentures not only support sagging facial muscles, but also improve a person’s ability to speak and eat. Full dentures are divided into two categories – conventional and immediate – depending on when they are made and inserted into the mouth.
Conventional dentures are made and inserted after the remaining teeth are removed and the tissues have healed. Immediate dentures are inserted immediately after the removal of the remaining teeth. The advantage of immediate dentures is that the patient does not have to be without teeth during the healing period. However, immediate dentures may require adjustment to fit properly after gums shrink from the healing period.
A removable partial denture fills in the space created by missing teeth and fills out your smile. Removable partial dentures usually consist of replacement teeth attached to pink or gum-colored plastic bases, which are connected by metal framework, and attach to your natural teeth with metal clasps or precision attachments. Precision attachments are nearly invisible, but often require crowns on your natural teeth for a precise fit, and generally cost more than those with metal clasps.